Most frequently used Linux commands 4

Most frequently used Linux commands 4

mount command

To mount a file system, you should first create a directory and mount it as shown below.

# mkdir /u01
# mount /dev/sdb1 /u01

You can also add this to the fstab for automatic mounting. i.e Anytime system is restarted, the filesystem will be mounted.

/dev/sdb1 /u01 ext2 defaults 0 2

chmod command

chmod command is used to change the permissions for a file or directory.

Give full access to user and group (i.e read, write and execute ) on a specific file.

$ chmod ug+rwx file.txt

Revoke all access for the group (i.e read, write and execute ) on a specific file.

$ chmod g-rwx file.txt

Apply the file permissions recursively to all the files in the sub-directories.

$ chmod -R ug+rwx file.txt

chown command

chown command is used to change the owner and group of a file. \

To change owner to oracle and group to db on a file. i.e Change both owner and group at the same time.

$ chown oracle:dba dbora.sh

Use -R to change the ownership recursively.

$ chown -R oracle:dba /home/oracle

passwd command

Change your password from command line using passwd. This will prompt for the old password followed by the new password.

$ passwd

Super user can use passwd command to reset others password. This will not prompt for current password of the user.

# passwd USERNAME

Remove password for a specific user. Root user can disable password for a specific user. Once the password is disabled, the user can login without entering the password.

# passwd -d USERNAME

mkdir command

Following example creates a directory called temp under your home directory.

$ mkdir ~/temp

Create nested directories using one mkdir command. If any of these directories exist already, it will not display any error. If any of these directories doesn’t exist, it will create them.

$ mkdir -p dir1/dir2/dir3/dir4/

ifconfig command

Use ifconfig command to view or configure a network interface on the Linux system.

View all the interfaces along with status.

$ ifconfig -a

Start or stop a specific interface using up and down command as shown below.

$ ifconfig eth0 up
$ ifconfig eth0 down

uname command

Uname command displays important information about the system such as — Kernel name, Host name, Kernel release number,

Processor type, etc.,

Sample uname output from a Ubuntu laptop is shown below.

$ uname -a

whereis command

When you want to find out where a specific Unix command exists (for example, where does ls command exists?), you can execute the following command.

$ whereis ls

When you want to search an executable from a path other than the whereis default path, you can use -B option and give path as argument to it. This searches for the executable lsmk in the /tmp directory, and displays it, if it is available.

$ whereis -u -B /tmp -f lsmk

whatis command

Whatis command displays a single line description about a command.

$ whatis ls
$ whatis ifconfig

man command

Display the man page of a specific command.

$ man crontab

When a man page for a command is located under more than one section, you can view the man page for that command from a specific section as shown below.

$ man SECTION-NUMBER commandname

locate command

Using locate command you can quickly search for the location of a specific file (or group of files). Locate command uses the database created by updatedb.

The example below shows all files in the system that contains the word crontab in it.

$ locate crontab


Most frequently used Linux commands 4
added 3 years 1 month ago

Contents related to 'Most frequently used Linux commands 4'

Most frequently used Linux commands 1: Most frequently used linux commands, explanation of linux commands, examples of linux command usage.

Most frequently used Linux commands 2: Most frequently used linux commands 2, explanation of linux commands, examples of linux command usage.

Most frequently used Linux commands 3: Most frequently used linux commands 3, explanation of linux commands, examples of linux command usage.

Most frequently used Linux commands 5: Most frequently used linux commands 5, explanation of linux commands, examples of linux command usage.

- Most frequently used Linux commands 5
- Most frequently used Linux commands 4
- Most frequently used Linux commands 3
- Most frequently used Linux commands 2
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